I do NOT support the current Compact as written and will continue to be a NO vote.


The State of Montana, Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes (CSKT), and U.S.

Government are in the process of attempting to secure an agreement which quantifies

the water rights of the CSKT. Any such agreement would have to be ratified by the State

Legislature, the U.S. Congress, and the Tribe before it would be finalized. 


Most water rights are determined though the State Water Court and this is how these claims

will be settled if no agreement is made in the 2015 Montana State Legislature.


Although many citizens, Indian and non-tribal alike agree that it would be desirable to have a

tribal compact of some kind, there are many serious questions about the current document

that is nearly 1,200 pages long with supporting documents.  If the Compact is approved and

ratified by all parties, this is the final agreement and there can be NO changes made after.


There are major concerns as well since it appears most of Western Montana would be

impacted in some way since this Compact grants the Tribe off reservation water claims

that span a major portion of the State affecting nearly 350,000 citizens.  Secondly, there

are major concerns about how the Compact will affect existing water rights, property values,

and crops.  Third, a number of questions have risen about a new experimental board

(Unitary Management Ordinance or U.M.O.) that will be administering the water rights of

non-tribal citizens. 


Additional Resources:


Article IX, Section 3. Water Rights of the Montana Constitution States:

(1)All existing rights to the use of any waters for any useful or beneficial purpose are hereby

recognized and confirmed.
(2) The use of all water that is now or may hereafter be appropriated for sale, rent, distribution,

or other beneficial use, the right of way over the lands of others for all ditches, drains, flumes,

canals, and aqueducts necessarily used in connection therewith, and the sites for reservoirs

necessary for collecting and storing water shall be held to be a public use.

(3) All surface, underground, flood, and atmospheric waters within the boundaries of

the state are the property of the state for the use of its people and are subject to

appropriation for beneficial uses as provided by law.
(4) The legislature shall provide for the administration, control, and regulation of water rights

and shall establish a system of centralized records, in addition to the present system of local




Additional Materials:

Water Rights expert, Dr. Kate Vandemoer, explains concerns with the CSKT

Water Compact in a simple, and factual, manner.  


Legislative testimony from tribal member Tim Orr who shares his perspectives

on problems with the compact.